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Fireball Power Station Convectron

KEMA proef

Assist to get small-scale nuclear fusion off the ground !

Support promising route to a new form of sustainable energy

Participation possible with just 100 euros - you become a co-owner

Convectron experiments at KEMA High Power Laboratory, Arnhem, The Netherlands, 1987

Project plan in three phases, milestones, budget and financing

Outline of the three-phase project plan

The Research, development and demonstration plan (the "Project") covers three distinct phases, each with a clear objective and milestone: (1) reproducible fireball generation in free air ignites natural fusion reactions; (2) energy break-even of fireballs suspended in fuel-rich gas mixtures; and (3) continuous operation of commercial reactor prototypes at calorimetric power levels. Precise time windows for successive project phases will not be given beforehand, but planned durations will average 16 months per phase.

Phase 1 - Fireball generation and natural fusion

Phase 1 will consist of three consecutive test programs. The first will focus on design and testing of non-erosive electrodes for open air reproducible fireball generation. The second program will upscale charge and voltage for electric breakdown in air above a threshold field for non-thermal discharges. The third program will monitor and diagnose radiation and particle emissions for validation of fusion reactions in the fireball. Design and engineering for the reactor vessel and power source to be used in Phase 2 will also start in this phase.

Phase 2 - Energy break-even by increased fuel supply

Phase 2 will construct and test reactor vessels for stable fireball positioning in controlled flow of fuel-rich gas mixtures at atmospheric temperature and pressure. Fireball power, ignition energy and fuel concentration will be monitored for validity of scale rules and their ranges.

Operational reactor prototypes will demonstrate energy break-even of suspended fireballs with stable size and brightness for any length of time.

Phase 3 - Continuous operation commercial prototype

Phase 3 will submerge the reactor vessel in a water mantle, and boost output power of fireballs to calorimetric levels required for market potential as source of primary energy. Ignition of megajoule fireballs in gas mixtures with one hundred times the natural deuterium abundance will match the Convectron reactor with megawatt power levels of large wind turbines. Reactor operation will be fine-tuned for continuous operation. At the end of this phase, the system that is then in operation will be prepared for commercial application.

Budget and financing

The table below provides a summary of the budget for the Project, with details provided per phase. The budget is inclusive of the costs of operating the Company and the costs associated with the Issuer, but exclusive the costs of the issue. The budget has been carefully drawn up by the Management Board, and is considered to be both realistic and conservative. The working capital of the Company will consist of the proceeds from the issue (the working capital at the start of the issue is practically nil). The proceeds from the final issue on complete subscription, and after subtracting 3.75 million euro for covering issue costs, match the budget.

budget item   (amounts in euro) phase 1 phase 2 phase 3 totals
personnel (including management)800,4001,480,3951,960,1354,240,930
laboratory and office space100,000175,000175,000450,000
rent of short-circuit facility and services400,0002,600,0002,600,0005,600,000
third party services250,000400,000600,0001,250,000
test equipment500,0001,500,0002,000,0004,000,000
functional hardware design750,000750,000750,0002,250,000
functional hardware construction1,000,0002,500,0003,000,0006,500,000
software development 500,000750,0001,000,0002,250,000
study of alternative fuel cycles115,000185,000255,000555,000
patent and legal costs200,000500,000700,0001,400,000
costs of the Company and the Issuer125,000200,000300,000625,000
contingencies (%)10.0%20.0%33.3%24.5%
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